新闻资讯

专注深耕企业数字网络领域,致力于助力企业数字化转型

工业4.0在能源场景中的应用(一)——传统石油能源行业

发布时间:2022-04-22
浏览:1363

Background on Industry 4.0 its origin, concept and building blocks

工业4.0的起源,概念与架构


Industry 4.0 (I4.0) evolved from a German government initiative and associated working group. At the heart of industry 4.0 there are 4 principles :

  • Interconnection via the Internet of Things(IoT)
  • Industrial internet of Things(IIoT)
  • Information availability across the production process facilitating analysis and action
  • Automation and facilitation of decision making and provision of Cyber Physical Systems(CPS) to complete tasks best suited to machines rather than people(ideally autonomously)

工业4.0最初由德国政府倡导,工业联盟合作推进,涵盖4大关键技术要素:


  • 物联网(IoT)
  • 工业物联网(IIoT)
  • 生产环节与生产设施,生产分析,与实际运营之间的信息实时互通
  • 从辅助人完成任务,转变为辅助机器完成任务。具备自动与简易化的决策链与数字化实体生产运营系统(CPS),以最适应机器的方式,完成生产任务,比人工更精准。这就是超自动化(Gartner “2020年十大战略技术趋势”报告中也有提及)

From these principles a range of constantly evolving and changing technologies are available for organisations wishing to benefit from the Industry 4.0 revolution. They share some common characteristics and are typically grouped together as:


  • Data and analytics technologies (BigData) – collection and interpretation of data from a range of sources with the desired aim of making consistent, correct, proactive decisions. Includes the concept of cognitive computing.
  • Smart factory/production technologies including use where appropriate of robotics devices. The objective of these technologies is to drive seamless, environmentally responsible self-optimising processes and systems that realise best in class production performance.
  • Cyber physical systems (CPS)–integrations of computation, networking and physical processes e.g. robotics systems, manufacturing control systems. These cyber-physical systems also build and maintain a ‘Digital twin’ of the physical world.
  • The internet of things (IoT-consumer)/Industrial internet of things (IIoT)i.e. the mobile, virtual and persistent connection of all devices to the internet and each other.
  • Interoperability – development of standards, processes and systems toallow all participant stakeholders and organisations to share information effectively.

所有希望从工业4.0受益的企业或组织,都可以遵循并实现上述仍在不断进化与更新的4大关键技术。根据4大关键技术特点,以下是业内人士分享的具体可落地技术,涵盖:


  • 大数据分析 – 收集并解释各种来源的数据信息,确保目标一致的、准确的、前瞻的决策,包括认知计算的技术
  • 智能工厂(生产系统)- 包括适当使用机器人技术。目的是实现无缝、环保、可自主优化系统与流程,能够最大限度保证生产成果
  • 数字化物理生产运营系统(CPS)- 整合了计算单元、网络、以及物理生产流程(比如机器人系统,生产控制系统等)。这些CPS也是建立并维护“数字孪生(Digital Twin)”的基础
  • IoT(大众消费市场)与工业物联网IIoT, 比如移动互联网,各种终端设备、生产机器之间虚拟但是稳固安全的互联互通(通过互联网)
  • 互操作性 – 开发可以让所有利益相关人、企业、组织都能参与并互操作的标准、协议、流程与系统。(小编按:其实就是为制造企业从私有工业物联网,转型产业物联网平台做准备,美国工业物联网几家发起公司就准备形成产业物联网平台) 

The current pallet of Industry 4.0 technologies includes but is not limited to mobile devices, advanced human machine interfaces, 3D printing, drones, Smart sensors/PLM technology, traditional DCS systems, Digital Twin solutions, blockchain offerings, Big data analytics and advanced algorithms (e.g. failure prediction and preventative maintenance automated scheduling), Augmented reality/ wearables, improved ERP and CRM offerings. SD-WAN technologies for managing the complexity and rapid changing characteristics of IoT/IIoT networking requirements.


目前可用于工业4.0各项技术,包括但不限于移动设备、先进人机交互界面、3D打印、机器人、智能传感器、智能PLM技术、传统DCS系统、数字孪生、区块链、大数据分析、各种先进算法(如灾难预警,预防维护自动排班系统)、可穿戴虚拟增强(AR)、更完善的ERP/CRM等技术。而SD-WAN或进化版技术,可管控IoT/IIoT复杂互联互通与之间各要素快速切换时所需要的高性能网络需求。(小编按:如A平台设备需要B平台数据支持,同时需要C平台决策链,需要调遣多个平台的数据分析、ERP/CRM、设备、流程管理、人机互动、移动设备等多种要素,如此互联互通的复杂性与实时性,对网络通连的要求很高)
At the business level Industry 4.0 concepts will deliver business value by driving digitalisation and integration of value chains, driving production costs down, facilitating digitization of product and service offerings and finally developing digital business models that improve customer value. The bottom-line result will be connected customers, empowered employees, efficient production, improved products with improved operability and bottom-line profit.

工业4.0,通过数字化与价值链整合,可以以多种形式带来商业价值:生产成本下降,系统设施数字化带来的产品与服务个性化定制,最终形成数字经济,提升用户价值。最关键的是,这条价值链连接客户、更大自主权的企业职员、高效生产、更完善的产品,并提升企业可操作性与净利润。


This article explains how Industry 4.0 related capabilities can be applied tospecific energy industry use cases.


这篇文章,主要阐述工业4.0相关能力如何应用在具体的能源场景。

Use case:Industry 4.0 realisation facilitated by InfoQuick Technologies – Traditional upstream oil and gas

实例:工业4.0应用在传统石油能源行业

Business Drivers


配图1.png

                                                                                                                              Figure 1 Oil and gas business drivers



石油能源行业的业务驱动力

全球至少50%的在生产油田已经过了其生命周期的中点,而这类油田生产效率逐步降低,相关的升级遭遇较大挑战,所需投入资本数额巨大。如何以可复制可重复原则再开发在产油田,更经济高效地开发难度更高的新油田是石油行业普遍面临的挑战。因此降低成本,提高决策效率,快速进行,自动化,降低风险,是能源行业主要关注点。


成本降低依靠提高质量、交付范围、以及避免重复工作;优化范围与需求;提升油田自动化运营;提升快速实施能力;提高油田信息传送,以确保更好的决策;支持项目最终退役;支持投资转让或兼并等商业行为;促进合作方与供应商之间的整合


Business model


Upstream Oil and gas industry activities are defined by the following high-level processes (Oil and gas lifecycle):


  • Exploration – acquire a production permit and prove the hydrocarbon bearing of the prospect.
  • Appraisal – evaluate the economic suitability of the field.
  • Development planning– develop an integrated plan that will deliver business value in comparison to other options.
  • Execution - develop the field and design and build the capital infrastructure including wells.
  • Production – produce the hydrocarbons efficiently over the life of the field. Where the value is delivered.
  • Abandonment,decommissioning and restoration – close off the permit.

业务模式

以下概括性的流程(石油天然气生命周期),定义了石油天然气领域的各种商业活动

  • 勘探 – 需要生产许可,并确保足够多的原油(原气)含量以支撑商业运作
  • 评估 – 评估某油田(气田)的经济价值
  • 制定计划 – 制定一个相对最优的整体计划,实现商业价值
  • 执行 – 建设开采井以及其他固定设施,开采油田(气田)
  • 生产 – 在油田/气田生命周期内,高效生产原油/原气,这是价值之源
  • 油田/气田的弃置、环境恢复 – 关闭许可
下一篇